Discussion in 'Obedience' started by ghggp, Jun 4, 2019.
that trainer sounds like a winner
I'm so happy Gloria that you seem to have found a good trainer for Nosework! Sounds like things are going to work out great!
I think I'll look for a class this fall for Piper (I think we have a few here). I really like the fact that you can do this anywhere with minimal equipment and so stimulating for the dogs! Liam is going to love it!
My new trainer just sent this email... INTERESTING...
Dogs' sense organs, like their muscles, heart, and lungs, need to be exercised, and we need to make time for them to do so. I hope dog trainers/teachers will incorporate this message when they work with their clients ***
thanks to Marilyn for finding this article. It's an advertisement for a book but full of great info! Enjoy!
When the dog’s nose is wet and cold it is easier for them to detect odors, due to glands that produce an oily fluid. Love this line.
Dogs Should Be
"Unleashed" to Sniff to Their Noses' Content
Dogs "see" the world through different odors, so let them exercise their noses.
Posted Feb 23, 2019
"Dogs' supersensitive noses are legendary, so much so that their approach to life could be summed up as 'sniff first, ask questions later.'”
"With 300 million receptors to our mere 5 million, a dog’s nose is estimated to be between 100,000 and 100 million times more sensitive than a human’s."
"His walk is for him and I let him sniff as much as he likes to fill his nasal needs."
Yesterday morning, as I walked home from a coffee shop in Boulder, I saw a huge mutt, Bernie, begin sniffing the base of a tree, and around 36 seconds later he finally lifted his big head appearing satisfied that he'd gotten all there was to get from whatever it was he was sniffing. Because I'm interested in everything "dog" and everything "dog-human" interaction, I stopped and mentioned to the woman, Marianne, that I was thrilled she let him exercise his nose for as long as he chose to do so. Marianne laughed and said, "His walk is for him and I let him sniff as much as he likes to fill his nasal needs." I loved the phrase "nasal needs," and we talked a few minutes until Bernie, anxious to exercise his nose once again, pulled Marianne along to the base of another tree and sniffed and snorted as if he'd never done so before. Marianne was sure that he was sniffing the scent left by the same dog who was being "dragged along the street by his owner." It pains me to see people ignoring their dogs nasal and other needs as the dog clearly is resisting their being yanked here and there.
Bernie was in dog heaven as far as I could tell, and Marianne was okay with letting him dictate where they went and for how long. And, when she had to get going for one reason or another, they went home and she felt good that Bernie had sniffed and snorted to his nostrils' content. Of course, Bernie was likely exercising his nose even when he was walking and Marianne wasn't aware of him doing so. Dogs are constantly picking up smells when they stand still as they walk or run here and there.
Cover of "Unleashing Your Dog"
Source: New World Library
As visual creatures, the sense of smell is difficult for us humans to understand and therefore to appreciate in the dog. We can’t see odors. However, the dog’s nose is the organ most people are curious about because it’s so much more sensitive than our own, and dogs use it most of the time, often in ways we wish they didn’t. On many occasions, we simply don’t understand why they’re doing what they're doing as their nose leads the way.
Anyone who's had the good fortune of sharing their homes and hearts with a dog knows they need to exercise their senses as well as their bodies. This is one of the main messages of Dr. Jessica Pierce and my new book called Unleashing Your Dog: A Field Guide to Giving Your Canine Companion the Best Life Possible in which we discuss all five senses, how they work, and what humans can do to allow their dogs to maximize their sensory delights and have a good old time doing so.
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A dog's nose
Source: Suzzamar, Pixabay free download
Here are a few facts about dogs' legendary and amazing noses. Anyone who's spent even a short amount of time around dogs knows they love to snort and sniff just about everything, including odors that we find utterly repulsive. We all know dogs like to stick their noses everywhere, and they often snort when they’re doing it or shortly thereafter. Their supersensitive noses are legendary, so much so that their approach to life could be summed up as “sniff first, ask questions later.” When they can, dogs will spend upwards of 33% of their time with their noses pinned to the ground, and we also know they'll freely put their noses into body parts, including groins and butts, that we think are disgusting and totally inappropriate. For example, in Canine Confidential: Why Dogs Do What They Do I write about various dogs including Bernie and Beatrice, "the butters," and Gus and Greta "the groiners," along with Sammy the schnozzola—whose noses know no bounds. These dogs can’t stop shamelessly running up nose first into everyone’s privates, which always ignites many questions about what dogs are smelling and why, since they clearly enjoy it.
When the dog’s nose is wet and cold it is easier for them to detect odors, due to glands that produce an oily fluid. How odorants enter the nostrils and the structure of the nose itself, with its olfactory recess located farthest back in the nostril, are both important for dogs’ keen sense of smell. When a dog sniffs, the air follows a side route and enters the olfactory recess, which contains genes for olfactory receptors, and olfactory receptor cells that absorb odorants. The olfactory mucous membrane is spread across a labyrinth of bone structures called nasal turbinates and is covered with millions of tiny olfactory hairs which capture odorants. When gaseous odorants come into contact with the olfactory membrane, they are dissolved in the layer of mucus. Odorants that are easily dissolved are released in the front part of the olfactory recess, while moderately soluble and insoluble odorants are distributed more evenly across the entire olfactory recess. How the odorants are deposited therefore plays a role in compound recognition. After the odorants have passed the olfactory receptors, they are transformed into an electrical signal that travels via the olfactory nerve to the olfactory center of the brain where the information is interpreted.
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There are many surprises about the dog’s nose. Many of us have heard that the dog has a much better sense of smell than human beings. In general, the dog’s nose is 100,000 to 1 million times more sensitive than the human’s, while the bloodhound has a nose that is 10 to 100 million times more sensitive than ours. The section of a dog's brain related to processing smells is almost seven times larger than ours. In addition, the dog’s fantastic sense of smell can be explained by the fact that dogs don’t exhale when sniffing a faint scent. This enables the dog to sniff faint odors without disturbing or destroying them. Dogs have a wing-like flap in each nostril that determines the direction of the airstream in and out of the nose. When the dog inhales, an opening above and beside this flap allows air to pass through. When the dog exhales, this opening closes and the air comes out below and beside this flap through another opening, enabling the dog to increase its collection of odors. As a result, the warm air that is exhaled flows backward and away from the odor being sniffed, preventing them from mixing. Dogs also use their nostrils differently according to the nature of the scent. During behavioral trials, when dogs sniffed at unfamiliar smells that were not dangerous, first they used the right nostril and then switched to the left nostril to sniff at the odors again. Once they had become familiar with the smell, the left side of the brain took over. When they sniffed sweat odors from veterinarians who worked at a kennel, they used only the right nostril. In short, the left and right sides of the brain take in different kinds of information. The right side of the brain is associated with intense feelings, such as aggression, flight behavior, and fear. For most dogs, a veterinarian is a frightening person.
Unfortunately, not everyone is in Marianne's camp. For example, in response to an essay I wrote titled "Allowing Dogs to Sniff Helps Them Think Positively," I received this surprising email message from Michael: "Wow did you really just tell dog owners to just let their dogs just sniff and pull themselves wherever they wanted to go. Next, you will be telling parents to just let their kids run crazy all around screaming their heads off because of what one study might be leaning towards. Just to inform you, they made playgrounds so that children can play in, they made scent games so that dogs can work their nostrils. Maybe before throwing out suggestions, you wait till further studies have been done and a more solid conclusion as coming out of it before you start suggesting what dog owners should or should not let their dogs have free range with."
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In fact, my essay was a summary of a seminal study conducted by Drs. Charlotte Duranton and Alexandra Horowitz called "Let me sniff! Nosework induces positive judgment bias in pet dogs" that's in press in the journal Applied Animal Behavioural Science, and of course, I did nothing of which Michael accuses me. I do argue that a dog's walk should be for them, or at least mostly for them, but I never ventured into what parents should tell their children. Also, Michael ignores that I was reviewing a solid scientific study and wasn't merely "throwing out suggestions" or unsupported ideas. Indeed, there are many more studies that show how important it is for dogs to be able to sniff. (See "Dogs' Noses in the News: Scents Reduce Stress in Shelters," "Secrets of the Snout: A Dog's Nose Is a Work of Art," an interview with Norwegian dog nose expert Dr. Frank Rosell who tells us all there is to know about dogs' noses and why they never seem to get enough of using this amazing organ in his recent book called Secrets of the Snout: The Dog’s Incredible Nose, and Canine Confidential: Why Dogs Do What They Do.)
A dog's walk is for them to unleash their nose and let them sniff and snort to their nostrils' content
“You may not agree, you may not care, but...you should know that of all the sights I love in this world — and there are plenty — very near the top of the list is this one: dogs without leashes.” (renowned poet, Mary Oliver)
Kudos to Mary Oliver. Even if your dog spends a good deal of time on a leash or other tether, it's important to "unleash their nose." Concerning an activity in which many if not most dogs and humans engage, the bottom line is simple: Let a dog's walk be for them, and if they're pulling you here and there with their nose pinned to the ground and occasionally snorting, let them do it. I've often thought that not allowing dogs to sniff and to exercise their nostrils and other senses could be a form of sensory deprivation. Thus, I was thrilled when a woman at a dog park once said to me, rather seriously, that she thought that not allowing dogs to use their noses the way they want could cause serious psychological problems. I’ve thought about this a lot since then. We really don’t know if dogs suffer psychologically when they’re deprived and can’t fulfill their need to sniff and pee if they choose to do so. Surely, when dogs have rushed along, they don’t get to savor and properly assess and process various odors, and who knows what this does to them. This form of sensory deprivation might be devastating since they lose detailed information about their social and nonsocial worlds. When we're absorbed in an activity, we don't like being rushed along before we're finished savoring whatever there is to enjoy.
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A dog's legendary nose is a work of art and they need to use it
"It is said that a dog who has lost its sense of smell is no longer a dog." (Dr. Frank Rosell)
All in all, a dog’s nose is a work of art, an exquisite adaptation, evolution at its best. And all without a plan or goal. When people tell me they wish they had a dog’s nose, I hasten to add they should be careful what they wish for. I’m happy to know about this most remarkable adaptation, but even I don’t have any desire to experience all of the many odors dogs take in and clearly savor.
In Unleashing Your Dog Jessica and I discuss how important it to let dogs sniff, how much information they receive from "pee-mail," how we should let them roll in "icky stuff" to some extent, how we need to protect what she calls their "scent identity," which means we shouldn't be showering them with perfumes and deodorants that we like, how we need to avoid olfactory overload, and how butts and groins may serve as "critical canine communications centers." We also offer some words about burps, gas, and doggy breath.
Dogs' sense organs, like their muscles, heart, and lungs, need to be exercised, and we need to make time for them to do so. I hope dog trainers/teachers will incorporate this message when they work with their clients. Stand by for further discussion of dogs' senses--how they work and how to allow them to maximize their use to give them the best lives possible. It's really not that difficult to allow dogs to be dogs and when they're able to exercise their senses we can learn a lot about what they want and need. By becoming fluent in dog it not only improves their lives but also can improve the social bonds we form with them, relationships that require mutual and reciprocal respect and tolerance--a win-win for all.
I thank Jessica Pierce for her collaboration on this and many other projects.
I've gotten some very supportive comments, and here are two of them:
"I absolutely love your piece here! Four years ago I began walking a couple of people’s dogs for them in order to supplement my Social Security and to get additional exercise. Though I’ve had several dogs during my life I hadn’t had one in years so getting to know these three dogs over these four years has been really enriching for me. I’ve come so far in my understanding of them and awareness of what they truly enjoy doing so these last two years I make every effort to just let them do what they like to do, especially with their sniffing. I can’t recall where I first read about how important sniffing really is to them but once I learned I really toned down my approach to walking them. Four years ago I thought they needed to be walked vigorously without much stopping, for their exercise, but when I really examined what was going on I was actually walking them how I as a human wanted to be walking. I feel ashamed about that now but I did make a 180 degree turn around and now just let them sniff as much as they want for however long they want without any pressure to “come along.” Our walks together are now much more enjoyable for all of us! I’m really looking forward to reading your dogs books!" (Geraldine Green)
"Thank you for this important essay. I always have supported people learning as much as possible about dog behavior, and I try to ask people nicely why are you dragging your dog along when clearly there is something they want to smell. Their nose is their eyes, and when your dog says stop or slow down, please listen to them. They have to be allowed to satisfy their nasal needs, as Marianne put it." (Stephen)
Oh I'm so happy to hear this, I read the article as well. I just had a feeling Nosework might be just the thing for Liam, and I'm thrilled to see your instructor's response to your concern. She sounds like a winner! (And, very much like my own impressive instructor.) Can't wait to hear how it goes after his first class exposure. I hope you have a ton of fun!
So, the class is an hour away... the traffic was HORRIBLE! Encountered my first roundabout! OMG!!!! Can't imagine it relieves traffic congestion. I had to go through it twice before I was going in the right direction...
The trainer was WONDERFUL... so very sensitive to Liam's nervousness and anxiety! She met me outside the facility with hamburger, liver, chicken, and beef to try an entice Liam to use his nose and take a treat. She was so positive... She tried to feed him but as usual with him... he will not take treats as he is so nervous. We walked around the outside of the facility to get him comfortable with the surroundings.
Unfortunately, it is also a boarding facility and there was constant barking going on which really gets Liam into a state of anxiety. She had me walk in and out of the facility to break the ice with him. Just the fact that she took the time impressed me! As we walked outside Liam actually followed behind her. She has owned shelties before and understands some can be shy. Anyway, she suggested NOT to do any work in class. Just allow Liam to sit and watch. So, I sat in a chair that she provided and Liam proceeded to dive under the chair!
I tried to pull him out. The previous trainer said to NEVER let him hide. As I was trying to pull him out she said to just leave him alone. I was a bit taken back by her comment. She just did not want to push him. During the class, I did manage to get him to come out and watch by placing him between my legs.
I asked her about the homework. She explained, your homework is to take Liam out in the car to different places and stop the car and let him experience the site and sounds. He will stay in the car always.
I am game to try anything to get over this extreme shyness. It is so sad to see a dog not enjoying himself...
If he won't take a treat how can he do scent work?
Gloria, I can imagine how disappointed and concerned you are, and I'm sure, frustrated too. At least this trainer sounds like someone who can help guide you with some steps to take for Liam's shyness.
My feeling is she had the right idea about letting him hide if he needs to. I imagine his curiousity will eventually be aroused once he feels unthreatened. Poor guy, it's a bummer. One thing you might consider trying - my vet gave me something called Composure for my kitty who's been peeing outside the litterbox. We think it's stress that caused a bladder inflammation (cystitis), there's no infection or kidney trouble. Anyway it can be used for dogs, too, just a small edible treat once a day. It does seem to have mellowed him out some. I was going to try it for Elijah's carsickness/car anxiety. Just a thought.
I hope you find a way forward with Liam, I think it's going to take miniscule baby steps at a time, but remember Woodbender's Clalre? Eventually even she made great strides. Just takes a TON of patience.
Thanks Sharon. I really appreciate the concern and guidance. I have even written to a lady in the neighborhood about having her girls come by to play with Liam possibly with some of their friends.
Being summer and school is out they might be on vacation.
Yes, I remember Claire very well and how wonderful it was as they made great strides with her. Her shyness background was due to being mistreated and that was understandable.
Liam on the other hand has been treated with love and kindness his whole life. Like I said, I am willing to keep trying.
He is on Zylkene 2x a day at it seemed to work at first. Now I am not seeing and change in him.
I will ask the vet about his thoughts on Composure. The challenge continues.
your first roundabout - hilarious. come visit me, we have roundabouts everywhere and people still don't know how to use them.
When Tully was a year old she was just like Liam. She didn't respond to obedience so I enrolled her in flyball because she showed an interest at a demo we saw. Well that was a disaster, she just froze. So I bought a crate next class and that's where she stayed the entire session - just watching. As she got used to the other dogs I started just letting her out for a short while at the end (remember she'd been attacked so was scared of dogs). And so it wasn't a complete loss I ended up enrolling Deska and taking him. It took 6 weeks but eventually she not only started joining in, but came out fully trained! Turns out she'd been watching closely and learning. It was the best decision to give her the time, protected, to make the decision to come out. She actually started competing a month later (long before Mr D got a comp spot). And she was just so much more confident.
Anyway, it's a long way to say don't give up, give him the time, and the opportunity, to decide it's ok.
Thanks Caro! I do have a portable soft crate for him. So, I will bring it next time.
I did not know Tully was attacked! Poor girl! Your story is amazing. I am totally shocked that just watching allowed her to come out of her shell.
I will try to keep a positive attitude. My goal is to help him understand the world is not a scary place!
It just slays me to see him so bold and confident at home and so shutdown the minute he leaves the confines of home base!
Maybe, like Tully, he feels more confident with his brother(s) around?